Cynthia Dwork, a Distinguished Scientist at Microsoft Research, spearheaded a successful effort to place privacy-preserving analysis of data on a firm mathematical foundation. A cornerstone of this work is differential privacy, a strong privacy guarantee frequently permitting highly accurate data analysis. Previous positions include research staff member at IBM Almaden Research Center (1985 – 2000) where Dwork and her colleagues launched non-malleable cryptography, the subfield of modern cryptography that studies — and remedies — the failures of cryptographic protocols to compose securely. She is a co-inventor of proofs of computational effort, a concept at the heart of a popular crypto-currency, and co-inventor of the first public-key cryptosystem whose security depends on the worst-case, rather than average-case, hardness of the underlying problem.
Dwork is a recipient of the Edsger W. Dijkstra Prize, recognizing some of her earliest work for establishing the pillars on which every fault tolerant system has been built for more than two decades. She is a member of the US National Academy of Sciences, and the US National Academy of Engineering, and a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. She is a founding editor of the Journal of Privacy and Confidentiality. Dr. Dwork received her B.S.E. in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science from Princeton University and her Ph.D. in computer science from Cornell University.